March 14, 2013: Guccifer accesses the email account of Clinton confidant Sid Blumenthal.

This is one of four Clinton-Blumenthal emails that Guccifer makes public in full, all printed in pink and with a large "G" for "Guccifer" added. Because it was sent on February 16, 2013, two weeks after Clinton's term as secretary of state ended, it has not been released elsewhere. It describes intelligence that prominent Saudis helped fund the 2012 Benghazi terrorist attack.

This is one of four Clinton-Blumenthal emails that Guccifer makes public in full, all printed in pink and with a large “G” for “Guccifer” added. Because it was sent on February 16, 2013, two weeks after Clinton’s term as secretary of state ended, it has not been released elsewhere. It describes intelligence that prominent Saudis helped fund the 2012 Benghazi terrorist attack.

Guccifer, an unemployed Romanian whose real name is Marcel-Lehel Lazar, breaks into the AmericaOnline (AOL) email account of Blumenthal. Guccifer does not have typical hacking skills but instead attempts to guess passwords and answers security questions. In recent months, he broke into the accounts of famous people, or the friends and family of famous people, including those of former secretary of state Colin Powell and former US president George W. Bush.

He takes screenshots of the text of emails of Clinton and Blumenthal discussing sensitive foreign policy issues during her time as secretary of state. He also takes a screenshot of Blumenthal’s inbox showing a list of the latest emails sent from Clinton.

In the next few days, the screenshots are made public, and for the first time, Clinton’s private email address hdr22@clintonemail.com is revealed to the world. (USA Today, 3/22/2013) (The Smoking Gun, 3/3/2015)

Late March 2013 or After: Emails between Clinton and Blumenthal are requested, but the State Department will fail to turn them over.

Gawker files a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request seeking all emails between Clinton and her confidant Sid Blumenthal. Due to the revelation of Clinton’s exact email address by the hacker nicknamed Guccifer in March 2013, the request specifies that address along with Blumenthal’s AOL [America Online] address.

However, even though some emails between Clinton and Blumenthal had been made public by Guccifer, the State Department eventually tells Gawker it could find no records responsive to the request. The exact timing of the request and the reply is not clear. (The New York Times, 3/3/2015) (Gawker, 3/3/2015)

May 15, 2015: Dozens of media organizations and journalists have donated to the Clinton Foundation.

Carlos Slim (Credit: ABC News)

Carlos Slim (Credit: ABC News)

The foundation’s records show that there are not many news outlets who would report on the foundation and didn’t donate some money to it. The following have given at least $1 million:

  • Carlos Slim, the Mexican multibillionaire who is also the largest New York Times shareholder.
  • James Murdoch, the chief operating officer of 21st Century Fox, and the son of media mogul Rupert Murdoch.
  • Newsmax Media, the conservative media outlet.
  • Thomson Reuters, the owner of the Reuters news service.

Others to donate smaller amounts include Google, Bloomberg, Richard Mellon Scaife, Mort Zuckerman, AOL, HBO, Viacom, Turner Broadcasting (CNN), Twitter, Comcast, NBC Universal, PBS, the Washington Post, and many more. (Politico, 5/15/2015)

August 18, 2016: Colin Powell allegedly recommended to Clinton that she should use a private email for non-classified communications.

The New York Times reports that Clinton mentioned this when she was interviewed by the FBI in July 2016. This account was included in the FBI’s notes about Clinton’s interview which was given to Congress on August 16, 2016. The content of notes are meant to be classified, but apparently someone in Congress leaked this account to the media.

In addition, the account is mentioned in an upcoming book about Bill Clinton written by journalist Joe Conason, who the Times calls “a longtime defender of the Clintons.”

According to Conason, the conversation took place in early 2009, several months after Clinton became secretary of state, and after she had already set up a private email server and was using a private email account for all her email communications. Clinton was at a dinner party hosted by former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, which was also attended by former secretaries of state Colin Powell, Henry Kissinger, and Condoleezza Rice.

160818SecretarysofStateJonathanErnstReuters

Former Secretaries of State (from left to right), Henry Kissinger James Baker, Madeleine Albright, Colin Powell, Hillary Clinton and John Kerry attend a ceremony at the State Department in Washington, D.C., on September 3, 2014. (Credit: Jonathan Ernst / Reuters)

Conason writes, “Toward the end of the evening, over dessert, Albright asked all of the former secretaries to offer one salient bit of counsel to the nation’s next top diplomat [Clinton]. Powell told her to use her own email, as he had done, except for classified communications, which he had sent and received via a State Department computer. Saying that his use of personal email had been transformative for the department, he thus confirmed a decision she had made months earlier — to keep her personal account and use it for most messages.”

Additionally, Powell repeated the same advice in an email sent to Clinton around the same time, and after Clinton had already decided to use private email. Powell tells the Times that he has no recollection of the dinner conversation, but he does confirm sending an email giving that advice.

However, the Times notes that the situations between when Powell was secretary of state and when Clinton was had significant differences. When Powell took over the State Department, it did not have a computer system for sending unclassified emails. But such a system was set up by the time Clinton took over in 2009. Additionally, the department rules changed, prohibiting the use of a private email account as anyone’s main mode of email communication. Furthermore, Powell used the AOL (AmericaOnline) email service, which kept back-up copies of all emails, while Clinton used her own private server, which meant nobody kept backups except her. (The New York Times, 8/18/2016) (NBC News, 8/19/2016)