December 2014: Clinton’s emails are copied to a different server, but the FBI will never check if that server had any of her work-related emails.

Paul Combetta is the Platte River Networks (PRN) employee doing most of the active managing of Clinton’s private server. In a September 2015 FBI interview, he will claim that a person working for the Clinton family company Clinton Executive Service Corp. (CESC) whose name is later redacted contacts him around December 2014 and tells him that Clinton and her aide Huma Abedin are getting new email accounts on a different server not administered by PRN. Indeed, other sources indicate that in December 2014, Clinton and Abedin get new email accounts on a server with the hrcoffice.com domain name.

As part of this change, Combetta copies Clinton’s email from her hrod17@clintonemail.com email address to her new hrcoffice.com address. Clinton began using the hrod17@clintonemail.com address in late March 2013, shortly after her tenure as secretary of state ended. Combetta will claim that nobody told him “to transfer any archived email to the new server.” (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 9/23/2016)

However, Clinton’s earlier emails could have been transferred to her new email address around the time it was created in late March 2013, in which case they too would get copied to the hrcoffice.com server. But the FBI will never search this server to see if any of Clinton’s emails from her tenure as secretary of state can be recovered from it.

November 2014: The Romanian hacker “Guccifer,” who broke into the email account of Clinton associate Sid Blumenthal in 2013, appears to be freely cooperating with US investigators.

Guccifer, whose real name is Marcel-Lehel Lazar, started serving a seven-year prison sentence in Romania earlier in 2014 due to his hacking activities. A New York Times reporter who interviews him there in November 2014 writes, I learned [he was] also busy meeting with American investigators who had traveled to Romania to meet the man who had outfoxed them for so long. They, too, wanted to find out how he burrowed into so many American computers.” (The New York Times, 11/21/2014)

November 4, 2014: Reporter Jason Leopold of Vice News files a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request for all of Clinton’s emails while she was secretary of state.

Jason Leopold (Credit: Vice News)

Jason Leopold (Credit: Vice News)

It has not yet been made public that Clinton used a private email address and private server, but Leopold will later explain the request came “when it became clear that she would announce her candidacy for US president. Our goal was to provide the public with information about Clinton’s work as the nation’s top diplomat between 2009 and 2013, along with any insight it offered into what a Clinton presidency would look like.” (Vice News, 2/29/2016) (Politico, 3/28/2015) The request will eventually lead to the public release of over 30,000 of Clinton’s emails. (Vice News, 11/4/2016)

Mid-November 2014: The State Department apparently successfully thwarts an attempt by Russian hackers to penetrate its email system.

The State Department apparently successfully thwarts an attempt by Russian hackers to penetrate its email system.”’ The entire computer network is quickly shut down for several days after evidence is found that a hacker entered the system. (The Washington Post, 11/16/2014) 

It is alleged that the US government believes the Russian government is responsible. The attack begins when a department employee falls for “spear phishing,” a trick in which a computer user is is led to click on a bogus link that loads malicious software onto the network. It is believed that only the department’s unclassified network is infected, since the classified and unclassified networks are never allowed to reside on the same computer. But the damage is widespread, and thousands of computers in embassies and offices around the world are affected.

In February 2015, the Wall Street Journal will report that the department is still struggling to make sure all traces of the attack are gone from its network. (The Wall Street Journal, 2/18/2015)

In March 2015, Wired Magazine will later comment, “[A]t least, in that case, there was a response. If the same sort of highly resourced hackers had gone after the server in Clinton’s basement, there’s no guarantee that the same alarms would have gone off.” (Wired, 3/4/2015)

November 19, 2014: The Clinton Foundation’s travel expenses almost double from the previous year.

Bill and Chelsea Clinton (left and center) in Johannesburg, South Africa, on August 8, 2013. (Credit: Jemal Countess / Getty Images Europe)

Bill and Chelsea Clinton (left and center) in Johannesburg, South Africa, on August 8, 2013. (Credit: Jemal Countess / Getty Images Europe)

Newly released tax filings indicate that travel expenses for the Clinton Foundation were $8.5 million in 2013, nearly double that of previous years. This is 10% of the foundation’s total expenses. The filing notes, “The Board recognizes that, due to extraordinary security and other requirements, William J. Clinton, Hillary Rodham Clinton, and Chelsea Clinton may require the need to travel by charter or in first class, the determination of which will be made on a case-by-case basis.” All three Clintons had not been members of the board in previous years, due to Hillary being secretary of state. The Clinton Global Initiative (CGI) also was spun off as a separate entity during her tenure, then remerged into the foundation in 2013. However, expenses are not itemized to determine how much travel costs are for each person or program. (Politico, 11/19/2014)

In the previous year’s income tax form, the foundation claimed that it had not provided “first class or charter travel” for any of its employees. (The Clinton Foundation, 9/10/2013)

November 24, 2014: President Obama signs into law an updated Federal Records Act requiring public officials to forward all work-related emails to their government address so they will be incorporated into official records systems.

President Obama signs the Presidential and Federal Records Act Amendments on November 26th, 2014. (Credit: National Archives Press Release)

President Obama signs the Presidential and Federal Records Act Amendments on November 26th, 2014. (Credit: National Archives Press Release)

This does not apply to Clinton’s time as secretary of state. (Politico, 11/26/2014)