2012: Clinton’s private server is vulnerable to a hacker attack described in a government warning.

Marc Maiffret (Credit: Fox News Business)

Marc Maiffret (Credit: Fox News Business)

The Homeland Security Department’s Computer Emergency Readiness Team issues a warning about remote access attacks, that would allow hackers to take control of computers. The warning notes that “An attacker with a low skill-level would be able to exploit this vulnerability.”

In 2015, the Associated Press will report that Clinton’s private email server could have been vulnerable to a hostile takeover by this very type of attack. Clinton’s server appears to have lacked encrypted protections, and could accept commands from the computers over the Internet.

Marc Maiffret, who founded two cybersecurity companies, will later comment, “That’s total amateur hour. […] Real enterprise-class security, with teams dedicated to these things, would not do this.”

Another cybersecurity expert, Justin Harvey, will comment that Clinton’s server “violates the most basic network-perimeter security tenets: Don’t expose insecure services to the Internet.” (The Associated Press, 10/13/2015)

2012: Clinton’s private server is still run on software newly prohibited by the State Department.

At some point in 2012, The State Department bans the use of remote-access software for its technology officials to maintain unclassified servers, unless a waiver is given. It also bans all instances of remotely connecting to classified servers. However, according to records from December 2012, Clinton’s private email server continues to use remote-access software, and no evidence of a waiver allowing this has yet emerged.

Computer security expert Mikko Hypponen will say in 2015 that the use of remote-access software on her server was “clearly serious” and could have allowed hackers to run malicious software on it. (The Associated Press, 10/13/2015)

2012: The State Department is the worst US government department in dealing with FOIA requests.

Project On Government Oversight logo (Credit: POGO)

Project On Government Oversight logo (Credit: POGO)

According to the Center for Effective Government, a government watchdog group which will later merge into the Project On Government Oversight (POGO), in the fiscal year of 2012, Clinton’s last full year in office, the State Department ranks last out of the 15 major government departments for its handling of Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests. It earns an “F” grade, with a score well below any other department. (Bloomberg News, 3/5/2015) (Center for Effective Government, 3/5/2016)